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The operating system is a central part of your computer system,knowing the definition of an operating system is not integral to knowing how to use one.However, when you do know the definition of an operating system is a basic form of a set of computer programs that manage the hardware and software resources of a computer system and rationally process electronic devices in response to approved commands.In human terms a operating system performs basic tasks such as allocating memory,facilitating networking,prioritizing system requests,controlling input and output devices, and managing file systems.Majority of the operating systems calculate from a command line interpreter as a basic user interface and a graphical user interface (GUI) for ease of operation.The operating system forms a platform for other system software and for application software.

Here are some of the most common tasks:

* Process Management – Running a program on a computer is a process. In general, a CPU can only run one process in one path at a time.The operating system will monitor requested processes and execute them in a pre-designed order at the same time switching between them quickly in a way called multitasking.
* Memory Management – The operating system’s memory manager coordinates the various types of memory use by following which one is available at any given time and also to monitor which type of memory can be allocated or de-allocated and how to move data between the memories.
* Disk and File Systems – Is how operating system read individual file system and the file storage likes in a way the files are named.Some operating systems read file names as case sensitive.
* Security – All operating systems usually have a factory security already built in.With the option to be set for what user or ip has authorization as a user and actually is one of the most important functions.

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* Networking – Networking capabilities can be either with an outside computer as in accessing the Internet as a remote or computer to computer as in a large mainframe operation.The definition of an operating system can be easy to understand or it can be more involved as knowing operating systems basics which is free on the internet.

 

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